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    Programs & Projects

    Spatial Patterns of Work, Poverty, & Safety Net Provision in the U.S.

    This project explores two questions: how labor force participation has varied across different geographic contexts in recent decades; and how well-matched the safety net is to need across the urban, suburban and rural landscape. The analyses investigate labor force participation by gender, education and geography; changes in work and poverty by place over time; and gaps and mismatches in safety net provision.

    Programs & Projects

    Demographic Drivers of the Post-Recessionary Fertility Decline and the Future of U.S. Fertility

    This paper examines trends in important demographic drivers of fertility—such as women’s intentions to have children, postponed childbearing, and migration—to better understand the implications of the recent fertility decline for future fertility patterns.

    Programs & Projects

    Growth and Change in the Composition of Vulnerable Nonresident Fatherhood

    This study looks at the number and composition of vulnerable nonresident fathers who have limited ability to pay their child support obligations. Using a representative state’s policies, it provides rough predictions of how many nonresident fathers would have negative income after meeting their full child support obligations, their own basic needs and tax obligations. It also describes the demographic composition of these vulnerable fathers.

    Programs & Projects

    Immigrants and the U.S. Wage Distribution

    This project documents how foreign-born workers affect the wages of low, middle- and high-income workers. It documents the evolution of immigrants in the US wage distribution since 1980, identifies the way that immigrants reshape the wage distribution, and considers the implications of immigration on the future wage distribution in the US.

    Programs & Projects

    The Impact of Immigration Reform on Medicare’s Fiscal Solvency

    This paper examines the fiscal impact of immigration reform on the solvency of the Medicare Part A, Part B and Part D Trust funds. It uses a hypothetical reform proposal to estimate the additional contributions and benefit costs of expanding Medicare eligibility for immigrants who are currently unauthorized.

    Programs & Projects

    Is the Drop in Fertility Due to the Great Recession or a Permanent Change?

    This paper identifies factors that affect the fertility rate and estimates the magnitude of these effects. It explores whether the recent decline in fertility is a temporary drop in response to the economic downturn or is instead a slow shift to lower levels seen other developed countries.

    Programs & Projects

    Socioeconomic Disparities in Disabled and Disability-Free Life Expectancy: Implications for Our Fiscal Future

    This paper models how disability-free and disabled life expectancy — broken into mildly- and severely-disabled spells at older ages — vary by socioeconomic characteristics. It then discusses the impact of these findings on the finances of Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid.

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