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Every month the U.S. Treasury releases data on the federal budget, including the current deficit. The following contains budget data for April 2020, which was the seventh month of fiscal year (FY) 2020.
The deficit in April was the largest ever recorded. That budget result stemmed from the economic downturn caused by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and legislative responses to it.
The deficit for April 2020 was $898 billion larger than the surplus recorded in April 2019. The causes of the sharp increase in the April deficit, which include increased spending and decreased revenues, are explained here.
The cumulative deficit through the first seven months of FY20 was $950 billion larger than it was through the first seven months of FY19. The increase in the cumulative deficit reflects a $753 billion increase in outlays and a $197 billion decrease in revenues.
The deficit varies from month to month and some months may even record a surplus — for example, when taxpayers are submitting their personal income taxes at the filing deadline. That is typically in April but has been extended to July this year.