In 2012, the Peterson Foundation launched the Fiscal Confidence Index to help policymakers, members of the media, and the American public gauge public opinion on the nation’s fiscal and economic challenges.

The Fiscal Confidence Index is an important indicator of the American public’s views about our fiscal and economic condition and the progress elected leaders are making in addressing it. Since its inception, the Fiscal Confidence Index has consistently shown that Americans hold deep concerns about the level of our long-term debt, and they urge policymakers to make addressing our fiscal and economic future a top priority.

The Fiscal Confidence Index, released monthly, is modeled after the Consumer Confidence Index and measures public opinion about the national debt and the economy by asking questions in three key areas:

  • CONCERN: Level of concern and views about the direction of the national debt.
  • PRIORITY: How high a priority addressing the debt should be for elected leaders.
  • EXPECTATIONS: Expectations about whether the debt situation will get better or worse in the next few years.

The individual scores in these three areas are averaged to produce the Fiscal Confidence Index value.

Check back monthly for updates.

Detailed Results

Topline survey results from the Fiscal Confidence Index for January 2024. The FCI value for January is 41.

The Peter G. Peterson Foundation commissioned this poll by the Global Strategy Group and North Star Opinion Research to survey public opinion on the national debt. The online poll included 1,001 registered voters nationwide, surveyed between January 16, 2024 and January 17, 2024. The poll has a margin of error of +/- 3.1%. The poll examined voters’ opinions on the national debt, political leadership, and America’s fiscal and economic health.

The Fiscal Confidence Index value is derived from six questions in three categories: Concern, Priority, and Expectations. The January 2023 scores are: Concern (31), Priority (22), Expectations (69). For the complete methodology used to determine the Fiscal Confidence Index value, click here. For full results, including demographic information, download the PDF below:

Concern (31)

Thinking about our national debt over the last few years, would you say your level of concern has increased or decreased?

Is that a lot or just a little?

Increased a lot 51%
Increased a little 29%
Decreased a little 5%
Decreased a lot 2%
(No change) 9%
(Don't Know/Refused) 4%

When it comes to addressing our national debt, would you say things in the United States are heading in the right direction or do you think things are off on the wrong track?

Do you feel that way strongly or just somewhat?

Right direction - Strongly 8%
Right direction - Somewhat 19%
Wrong track - Somewhat 25%
Wrong track - Strongly 41%
(Neither/Mixed) 1%
(Don't Know/Refused) 5%

Priority (22)

Some people say that addressing the national debt should be among the President and Congress' top 3 priorities. Do you agree or disagree?

Do you feel that way strongly or just somewhat?

Strongly agree 53%
Somewhat agree 25%
Somewhat disagree 13%
Strongly disagree 3%
(Don't Know/Refused) 5%

And when it comes to our national debt, do you think it is an issue that the President and Congress should spend more time addressing or less time addressing?

Would you say a lot (more or less) time or just a little?

A lot more time 53%
A little more time 29%
A little less time 5%
A lot less time 4%
(The same amount of time) 3%
(Don't Know/Refused) 6%

Expectations (69)

And thinking about our national debt over the next few years, do you expect the problem to get better or worse?

Is that much (better or worse) or just somewhat (better or worse)?

Much better 8%
Somewhat better 20%
Somewhat worse 32%
Much worse 33%
(No change) 2%
(Don't know/Refused) 5%

And when it comes to our national debt, are you optimistic or pessimistic that the United States will be able to make progress on our national debt over the next few years?

Would you say you are very (optimistic or pessimistic) or just somewhat?

Very optimistic 7%
Somewhat optimistic 35%
Somewhat pessimistic 33%
Very pessimistic 19%
(Neither/Mixed) 2%
(Don't Know/Refused) 4%

And when it comes to our national debt, are you optimistic or pessimistic that the United States will be able to make progress on our national debt over the next few years?

Would you say you are very (optimistic or pessimistic) or just somewhat?

Very optimistic 7%
Somewhat optimistic 31%
Somewhat pessimistic 36%
Very pessimistic 17%
(Neither/Mixed) 4%
(Don't Know/Refused) 5%

For Press

NEW YORK — With Congress returning to face unresolved budget battles and the national debt soaring past $34 trillion, nearly eight in ten voters are calling on their leaders to address the growing debt. The Peter G. Peterson Foundation’s latest U.S. Fiscal Confidence Index, modeled after the Consumer Confidence Index, is 41 (100 is neutral), indicating high voter concern about America’s financial condition at the start of 2024.

Read the Full FCI Press Release for January 2024

For media inquiries please call (212) 542-9200 or


The Fiscal Confidence Index will be released monthly by the Peter G. Peterson Foundation.

The Fiscal Confidence Index value is based on six questions in three categories.

As is done with the Consumer Confidence Index, the first step in calculating the Fiscal Confidence Index is determining the "Relative Value" for each question. This calculation is made by taking the positive response for each question and dividing it by the sum of the positive and negative responses. Each question was asked on a four-point scale, and answers were weighted according to intensity, with the strongest responses counting twice as much as the middle responses ("much" better or worse answers count twice as heavily as "somewhat" better or worse answers).

The scores for the Concern, Priority, and Expectations categories are determined by averaging the scores derived from the two questions in each category.

The Fiscal Confidence Index value is converted from the Relative Value to place it on a scale on which 100 indicates equal positive and negative sentiment, while values below 100 indicate negative sentiment and values above 100 indicate positive sentiment.

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