New Poll: 9 in 10 Democrats and Republicans want Budget Reconciliation Package Fully Paid For

Sep 28, 2021

Contact: Jeremy Rosen

Strong Majorities of Voters Support Range of Funding Options to Offset Cost of Bill, as Voter Concern about the National Debt Remains High

NEW YORK (September 28, 2021) — As the House moves to consider the administration’s “Build Back Better” legislation, more than 9 in 10 U.S. voters — spanning party lines — say that they want Congress to fully pay for the new spending.

A new poll released today by the nonpartisan Peter G. Peterson Foundation shows that 91% of voters want leaders to make good on their promise to fully fund the reconciliation bill with clearly identified offsets. This overwhelming nationwide support for paying for priorities is up two points from last month, and reflects agreement from 90% of Democrats, 94% of Republicans and 86% of independents.

The survey, jointly conducted by Democratic firm Global Strategy Group and Republican firm North Star Opinion Research, also found that strong majorities of voters support various revenue-raising proposals, including:

  • Increasing IRS enforcement of the tax code by cracking down on tax evasion (84% overall, including 90% of Democrats and 79% of Republicans)
  • Increasing the tax rate on companies’ foreign income (84% overall, including 90% of Democrats and 80% of Republicans)
  • Implementing an additional tax on all annual income above $5 million (80% overall, including 91% of Democrats and 67% of Republicans)
  • Increasing taxes on tobacco products and imposing a nicotine tax (73% overall, including 80% of Democrats and 67% of Republicans)
  • Raising the corporate tax rate (70% overall, including 88% of Democrats and 52% of Republicans)
  • Implement a carbon tax that charges polluters based on the amount of carbon they emit (70% overall, including 89% of Democrats and 50% of Republicans)
  • Raising the top income tax rate (68% overall, including 85% of Democrats and 52% of Republicans)

More broadly, the Peterson Foundation’s September Fiscal Confidence Index released today shows continuing high voter concern about the national debt. The Index, modeled after the Consumer Confidence Index, remains at 43 (100 is neutral), reflecting voter uncertainty surrounding country’s fiscal position. Nearly 8 in 10 voters (77%, which is a high in the last 20 months) believe that the national debt should be a top-three priority for the president and Congress, including 71% of Democrats, 71% of independents and 89% of Republicans.

“Voters have made it overwhelmingly clear that they want their leaders to pay for all new spending with credible offsets, and they strongly support many proposed options to fully fund the package,” said Michael A. Peterson, CEO of the Peterson Foundation. “Americans know that it takes a sustainable budget to ensure an enduring recovery from the pandemic and enable better preparedness for future challenges. They understand that we cannot continue to pile on record debt a trillion at a time, which will only make it harder and harder to provide citizens with broad-based economic opportunity over the long run.”

The Fiscal Confidence Index measures public opinion about the national debt by asking six questions in three key areas:

  • CONCERN: Level of concern and views about the direction of the national debt.
  • PRIORITY: How high a priority addressing the debt should be for elected leaders.
  • EXPECTATIONS: Expectations about whether the debt situation will get better or worse in the next few years.

The survey results from these three areas are weighted equally and averaged to produce the Fiscal Confidence Index value. The Fiscal Confidence Index, like the Consumer Confidence Index, is indexed on a scale of 0 to 200, with a neutral midpoint of 100. A reading above 100 indicates positive sentiment. A reading below 100 indicates negative sentiment.

Fiscal Confidence Index Key Data Points:

  • The September 2021 Fiscal Confidence Index value is 43. (The August value was 43. The July value was 48.)
  • The current Fiscal Confidence Index score for CONCERN about the debt is 42, indicating deep concern about the debt. The score for debt as a PRIORITY that leaders must address is 26, indicating that Americans want elected leaders to make addressing long-term debt a high priority. The score for EXPECTATIONS about progress on the debt is 60. The Fiscal Confidence Index is the average of these three sub-category scores.
  • For a description of the complete methodology, see the Appendix below.

The Peter G. Peterson Foundation commissioned this poll by the Global Strategy Group and North Star Opinion Research to survey public opinion on the national debt. The online poll included 1,000 registered voters nationwide, surveyed between September 20, 2021 and September 22, 2021. The poll has a margin of error of +/- 3.1%. The poll examined voters’ opinions on the national debt, political leadership, and America’s fiscal and economic health.

Detailed poll results can be found online at:

About the Peter G. Peterson Foundation

The Peter G. Peterson Foundation is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization that is dedicated to increasing public awareness of the nature and urgency of key fiscal challenges threatening America's future, and to accelerating action on them. To address these challenges successfully, we work to bring Americans together to find and implement sensible, long-term solutions that transcend age, party lines and ideological divides in order to achieve real results. To learn more, please visit

APPENDIX: Fiscal Confidence Index Methodology and Questions

  • The Fiscal Confidence Index is released monthly by the Peter G. Peterson Foundation.
  • The Fiscal Confidence Index value is based on six questions in three categories.
  • As is done with the Consumer Confidence Index, the first step in calculating the Fiscal Confidence Index is determining the “Relative Value” for each question. This calculation is made by taking the positive response for each question and dividing it by the sum of the positive and negative responses. Each question was asked on a four-point scale, and answers were weighted according to intensity, with the strongest responses counting twice as much as the middle responses (“much” better or worse answers count twice as heavily as “somewhat” better or worse answers).
  • The scores for the Concern, Priority, and Expectations categories are determined by averaging the scores derived from the two questions in each category.
  • The Fiscal Confidence Index value is converted from the Relative Value to place it on a scale on which 100 indicates equal positive and negative sentiment, while values below 100 indicate negative sentiment and values above 100 indicate positive sentiment.
  • The questions are as follows:


Thinking about our national debt over the last few years, would you say your level of concern has increased or decreased?
◊ Is that a lot or just a little?
September 2021 August 2021 July 2021
Increased a lot 50% 55% 50%
Increased a little 29% 27% 30%
Decreased a little 5% 5% 4%
Decreased a lot 3% 3% 3%
(No change) 9% 7% 8%
(Don't Know/Refused) 3% 4% 5%
INCREASED (NET) 79% 81% 80%
DECREASED (NET) 8% 8% 7%
When it comes to addressing our national debt, would you say things in the United States are heading in the right direction or do you think things are off on the wrong track?
◊ Do you feel that way strongly or just somewhat?
September 2021 August 2021 July 2021
Right direction — Strongly 14% 13% 16%
Right direct — Somewhat 22% 22% 26%
Wrong track — Somewhat 22% 23% 20%
Wrong track — Strongly 37% 36% 33%
(Neither/Mixed) 1% 1% 2%
(Don't Know/Refused) 5% 5% 3%
WRONG TRACK (NET) 59% 59% 53%
Some people say that addressing the national debt should be among the president and Congress' top 3 priorities. Do you agree or disagree?
◊ Do you feel that way strongly or just somewhat?
September 2021 August 2021 July 2021
Strongly agree 52% 25% 44%
Somewhat agree 25% 25% 28%
Somewhat disagree 12% 13% 14%
Strongly disagree 6% 7% 7%
(Don't Know/Refused) 5% 6% 7%
AGREE (NET) 77% 74% 72%
DISAGREE (NET) 18% 20% 21%
And when it comes to our national debt, do you think it is an issue that the president and Congress should spend more time addressing or less time addressing?
◊ Would you say a lot (more or less) time or just a little?
September 2021 August 2021 July 2021
A lot more time 50% 49% 46%
A little more time 32% 30% 3330%
A little less time 6% 7% 7%
A lot less time 5% 6% 5%
(The same amount of time) 3% 3% 4%
(Don't Know/Refused) 5% 5% 5%
MORE TIME (NET) 81% 80% 79%
LESS TIME (NET) 11% 12% 12%
And thinking about our national debt over the next few years, do you expect the problem to get better or worse?
◊ Is that much (better or worse) or just somewhat (better or worse)?
September 2021 August 2021 July 2021
Much better 10% 8% 9%
Somewhat better 14% 16% 20%
Somewhat worse 31% 29% 21%
Much worse 38% 41% 38%
(No change) 3% 2% 2%
(Don't know/Refused) 5% 4% 5%
BETTER (NET) 24% 24% 28%
WORSE (NET) 69% 70% 65%
And when it comes to our national debt, are you optimistic or pessimistic that the United States will be able to make progress on our national debt over the next few years?
◊ Would you say you are very (optimistic or pessimistic) or just somewhat?
September 2021 August 2021 July 2021
Very optimistic 8% 8% 8%
Somewhat optimistic 30% 31% 34%
Somewhat pessimistic 30% 31% 29%
Very pessimistic 26% 25% 23%
(Neither/Mixed) 2% 2% 2%
(Don't Know/Refused) 4% 4% 4%
OPTIMISTIC (NET) 38% 38% 42%
PESSIMISTIC (NET) 56% 56% 51%

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