Federal Deficit and Debt: January 2019

Every month the U.S. Treasury releases data on the federal budget, including the current deficit. The following contains budget data for January 2019, which was the fourth month of fiscal year 2019.

See the latest figures.


Federal Deficit: January 2019

The federal government ran a deficit in three of the first four months of Fiscal Year 2019

  • Federal Budget Surplus for January 2019: $9 billion
  • Federal Budget Surplus for January 2018: $49 billion

The surplus for January 2019 was $40 billion smaller than recorded in January 2018. This reflects a $21 billion decrease in receipts and a $19 billion increase in outlays.


Cumulative Federal Deficit through January 2019

The budget deficit for Fiscal Year 2019 is currently outpacing prior years

  • Cumulative FY19 Deficit through January 2019: $310 billion
  • Cumulative Budget Deficit over Same Period in FY18: $176 billion

The cumulative deficit through the first four months of FY19 was $135 billion larger than it was through the first four months of FY18. However, because October 1, 2017 fell on a weekend, $44 billion of payments were shifted forward to September 2017, which reduced the deficit recorded for FY18. If not for that shift, the deficit for the first four months of FY18 would have been about $220 billion and the deficit in the first four months of FY19 would have only increased by about $90 billion.


National Debt through January 2019

The national debt is on an unsustainable path

  • Debt Held by the Public through January 2019: $16.1 trillion
  • Debt Held by the Public through January 2018: $14.8 trillion

While the deficit varies from month-to-month, and may even decline some months — for example, in April when taxpayers are submitting their personal income taxes — debt and deficits are on an unsustainable upward trajectory. The CBO projects that national debt could rise to about 150 percent of gross domestic product by 2048. That level of debt would far exceed the 50-year historical average of approximately 40% of GDP.

Why are such high-levels of debt so concerning? There are many reasons that Americans should be concerned about the rising national debt — particularly if you are concerned about economic growth, investments in our nation’s future, and preservation of our social safety net.

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