With Major Reforms Under Consideration, Americans Focus on Nation’s Fiscal Health

Apr 25, 2017

Contact: Nicole Goodkind
(202) 470-5340

The April 2017 Fiscal Confidence Index, Modeled after the Consumer Confidence Index, is 53 (100 is Neutral)

NEW YORK — As policymakers pursue a range of legislative reforms, American voters remain concerned about the nation’s fiscal health, according to the Peter G. Peterson Foundation’s April Fiscal Confidence Index, a monthly measure of public attitudes about the nation’s long-term debt and the efforts elected leaders are making to address America’s fiscal challenges. The Fiscal Confidence Index, modeled after the Consumer Confidence Index, is 53 (100 is neutral), indicating that voters expect policymakers to prioritize fiscal solutions as they tackle a busy legislative agenda.

As Congress continues deliberations on healthcare and tax reform — issues with significant fiscal implications — voters remain steadfast in their belief that the President and the Congress should be doing more to address the country’s national debt problem. Public attitudes about the debt are the lowest since the November 2016 election, as Americans of all political stripes are growing more concerned about the issue. Fully three-quarters of voters (75%) agree that the national debt should be among the President and Congress’s top three priorities, including over two-thirds of Democrats (68%), three in four Independents (76%), and 82% of Republicans.

“Americans are calling on policymakers to include the national debt in the legislative agenda,” said Michael A. Peterson, President and CEO of the Peter G. Peterson Foundation. “As we debate a series of major policy reforms, voters also want lawmakers to prioritize getting our fiscal house in order — they understand that addressing the national debt is an essential part of improving our economic outlook.”

The Fiscal Confidence Index measures public opinion about the national debt by asking six questions in three key areas:

  • CONCERN: Level of concern and views about the direction of the national debt.
  • PRIORITY: How high a priority addressing the debt should be for elected leaders.
  • EXPECTATIONS: Expectations about whether the debt situation will get better or worse in the next few years.

The survey results from these three areas are weighted equally and averaged to produce the Fiscal Confidence Index value. The Fiscal Confidence Index, like the Consumer Confidence Index, is indexed on a scale of 0 to 200, with a neutral midpoint of 100. A reading above 100 indicates positive sentiment. A reading below 100 indicates negative sentiment.

Fiscal Confidence Index Key Data Points:

  • The April 2017 Fiscal Confidence Index value is 53. (The March value was 57 and the February value was 60.)
  • The current Fiscal Confidence Index score for CONCERN about the debt is 47, indicating deep concern about the debt. The score for debt as a PRIORITY that leaders must address is 27, indicating that Americans want elected leaders to make addressing long-term debt a high priority. The score for EXPECTATIONS about progress on the debt is 85. The Fiscal Confidence Index is the average of these three sub-category scores.
  • For a description of the complete methodology, see the Appendix below.

The Peter G. Peterson Foundation commissioned a poll by the Global Strategy Group and North Star Opinion Research to survey public opinion on the national debt. The nationwide poll included 1,002 U.S. registered voters, surveyed by telephone between April 17 and April 21, 2017. The poll has a margin of error of +/- 3.1%. The poll examined voters’ opinions on the national debt, political leadership, and America’s fiscal and economic health.

Detailed poll results can be found online at: www.pgpf.org/FiscalConfidenceIndex.

About the Peter G. Peterson Foundation

The Peter G. Peterson Foundation is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization that is dedicated to increasing public awareness of the nature and urgency of key fiscal challenges threatening America's future, and to accelerating action on them. To address these challenges successfully, we work to bring Americans together to find and implement sensible, long-term solutions that transcend age, party lines and ideological divides in order to achieve real results. To learn more, please visit www.pgpf.org.

APPENDIX: Fiscal Confidence Index Methodology and Questions

  • The Fiscal Confidence Index is released monthly by the Peter G. Peterson Foundation.
  • The Fiscal Confidence Index value is based on six questions in three categories.
  • As is done with the Consumer Confidence Index, the first step in calculating the Fiscal Confidence Index is determining the “Relative Value” for each question. This calculation is made by taking the positive response for each question and dividing it by the sum of the positive and negative responses. Each question was asked on a four-point scale, and answers were weighted according to intensity, with the strongest responses counting twice as much as the middle responses (“much” better or worse answers count twice as heavily as “somewhat” better or worse answers).
  • The scores for the Concern, Priority, and Expectations categories are determined by averaging the scores derived from the two questions in each category.
  • The Fiscal Confidence Index value is converted from the Relative Value to place it on a scale on which 100 indicates equal positive and negative sentiment, while values below 100 indicate negative sentiment and values above 100 indicate positive sentiment.
  • The questions are as follows:


Thinking about our national debt over the last few years, would you say your level of concern has increased or decreased?
◊ Is that a lot or just a little?
April 2017 March 2017 February 2017
Increased a lot 39% 44% 45%
Increased a little 25% 20% 22%
Decreased a little 9% 9% 9%
Decreased a lot 4% 5% 6%
(No change) 22% 20% 16%
(Don't Know/Refused) 2% 2% 2%
INCREASED (NET) 64% 65% 67%
DECREASED (NET) 13% 13% 15%
When it comes to addressing our national debt, would you say things in the United States are heading in the right direction or do you think things are off on the wrong track?
◊ Do you feel that way strongly or just somewhat?
April 2017 March 2017 February 2017
Right direction-Strongly 11% 16% 16%
Right direction-Somewhat 21% 17% 17%
Wrong track-Somewhat 17% 14% 14%
Wrong track-Strongly 33% 37% 33%
(Neither/Mixed) 11% 8% 10%
(Don't Know/Refused) 7% 8% 10%
WRONG TRACK (NET) 51% 51% 47%
Some people say that addressing the national debt should be among the president and Congress' top 3 priorities. Do you agree or disagree?
◊ Do you feel that way strongly or just somewhat?
April 2017 March 2017 February 2017
Strongly agree 48% 49% 51%
Somewhat agree 27% 25% 22%
Somewhat disagree 14% 13% 11%
Strongly disagree 7% 9% 9%
(Don't Know/Refused) 4% 5% 6%
AGREE (NET) 75% 74% 73%
DISAGREE (NET) 21% 22% 21%
And when it comes to our national debt, do you think it is an issue that the president and Congress should spend more time addressing or less time addressing?
◊ Would you say a lot (more or less) time or just a little?
April 2017 March 2017 February 2017
A lot more time 50% 51% 55%
A little more time 30% 25% 25%
A little less time 7% 6% 6%
A lot less time 2% 4% 3%
(The same amount of time) 6% 7% 5%
(Don't Know/Refused) 5% 6% 6%
MORE TIME (NET) 80% 77% 80%
LESS TIME (NET) 9% 11% 9%
And thinking about our national debt over the next few years, do you expect the problem to get better or worse?
◊ Is that much (better or worse) or just somewhat (better or worse)?
April 2017 March 2017 February 2017
Much better 8% 14% 16%
Somewhat better 26% 20% 20%
Somewhat worse 24% 21% 22%
Much worse 31% 35% 29%
(No change) 6% 4% 5%
(Don't know/Refused) 5% 5% 8%
BETTER (NET) 34% 34% 36%
WORSE (NET) 55% 56% 51%
And when it comes to our national debt, are you optimistic or pessimistic that the United States will be able to make progress on our national debt over the next few years?
◊ Would you say you are very (optimistic or pessimistic) or just somewhat?
April 2017 March 2017 February 2017
Very optimistic 21% 24% 28%
Somewhat optimistic 30% 29% 26%
Somewhat pessimistic 20% 16% 14%
Very pessimistic 22% 23% 23%
(Neither/Mixed) 5% 4% 6%
(Don't Know/Refused) 3% 3% 4%
OPTIMISTIC (NET) 50% 53% 53%
PESSIMISTIC (NET) 42% 40% 36%

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